Hindus believe in the repetitious Transmigration of the Soul . This is the transfer of one's soul after death into another body. This produces a continuing cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth through their many lifetimes. It is called samsara . Karma is the accumulated sum of ones good and bad deeds. Karma determines how you will live your next life. Through pure acts, thoughts and devotion, one can be reborn at a higher level. Eventually, one can escape samsara and achieve enlightenment. Bad deeds can cause a person to be reborn as a lower level, or even as an animal. The unequal distribution of wealth, prestige, health, disability, suffering, etc. are thus seen as natural consequences for one's previous acts, both in this life and in previous lives.
journeyed from place to place, teaching and converting hundreds of followers
and died at the age of eighty. However, his many disciples continued
spreading his teachings. At the same time Buddhism splitted into two
main schools of thought: Hinayana and Mahayana . The Followers
of Hinayana do not worship idols of Buddha as the enlightened prince
taught against idolatory. Very few other Nepalese Buddhists have adopted
the Hinayana school of thought, choosing rather to follow Mahayana teachings.
One of the central beliefs of Mahayanists is that one can achieve nirvana
by following the example of Bodhisattvas, Bodhi meaning enlightenment
and Sattva meaning essence.