A key area of concern facing intersex people is that as infants they are often subjected to medical operations to "normalise" their genitalia and obscure their non-binary sex characteristics.  These procedures are criticised by intersex advocates on the basis that they compromise the individual rights to bodily autonomy, integrity and dignity, drawing parallels to female genital mutilation .   In October 2013, the Australian Senate published a report entitled 'Involuntary or coerced sterilisation of intersex people in Australia'. The Senate found that "normalising" surgeries are taking place in Australia, often on infants and young children.      The report makes 15 recommendations, including ending cosmetic genital surgeries on infants and children and providing for legal oversight of individual cases.  The recommendations have not been implemented.
Now that same-sex marriage is legal in California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington, married same-sex parents in these states should be considered legal parents of their child from the time of the child's birth, like heterosexual married couples. The same is theoretically true in New Jersey, Oregon and the District of Columbia, which grant legal parent status to partners of birth parents when a child is born during a domestic partnership or civil union.