Islamic essays urdu

Whereas orthodox Islamic philosophy and theology ( 'ilm al-kalam ) were largely concerned with defining and elaborating God's attributes, Islamic fundamentalism shifted its focus to the attributes of Islam itself. In other words, Islam became a substantive quality with certain characteristics which could rival in their structures and functions other modern ideologies, such as fascism and Marxism. This is not to say that the divine attributes were ignored, but their significance was made a function of the predicative characteristics of a new Islamic theory.

Islamic essays urdu

islamic essays urdu

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